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What are Safety Nets?

What are Safety Nets?

Measures to enhance direct access to food are more likely to be beneficial if these are embedded in more general social safety net programmes. Safety nets include income transfers for those chronically unable to work—because of age or handicaps—and for those temporarily affected by natural disasters or economic recession.

Options include:

Targeted direct feeding program. These include school meals; feeding of expectant and nursing mothers as well as children under five through primary health centres, soup kitchens and special canteens.

Food-for-work program. Food-for-work programmes provide support to households while developing useful infrastructure such as small-scale irrigation, rural roads, buildings for rural health centres and schools.

Income-transfer program. These can be in cash or in kind, including food stamps, subsidized rations and other targeted measures for poor households.



Stamoulis, K. and Zezza, A. 2003. A Conceptual Framework for National Agricultural, Rural Development, and Food Security Strategies and Policies. ESA Working Paper No. 03-17, November 2003. Agricultural and Development Economics Division, FAO, Rome.


Malaysian National Safety Net



 Ministry of Agriculture and Agro-based Industry

 Malaysian Research and Development Institute (MARDI)

  Standard and Industrial Research Institute of Malaysia (SIRIM)


Ministry of Health (MoH) Malaysia


 Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM)  Department of Veterinary Services Malaysia